By Fernando Montenegro, Brazilian Army Colonel (R) August 05, 2016 The last few weeks saw the activation of the Brazilian Army’s Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear Defense Battalion and its bomb squads. Many of these activities were clearly tests to check out the response capabilities of the security structure set up for the Rio 2016 Olympics. In order to expand the capillarity of vectors to allow identifying possible attacks, training was provided to security professionals and workers in other relevant areas, such as the hospitality industry. This action allowed more people to begin to participate more actively in preventing attacks. This is important, because the level of sophistication with which these terrorist attacks were carried out in the last two decades has surprised experts. Their detailed planning is no longer concerned with just causing the highest number of casualties, but also with how these actions can contribute to increasing their own visibility and the public opinion’s feeling of insecurity. This way, terrorist organizations succeed in transforming tactical actions from the operational and strategic levels to directly reach the political level. The methodology to plan an attack follows a primer where seven stages are recommended, regardless of the techniques, tactics, and procedures (TTP) that are chosen to carry out a terrorist attack. The first stage of an attack consists of finding information about potential targets that have more visibility in the public domain information sources. Priority is given to targets which may cause the highest possible impact on the international media, keeping in line with the organization’s strategic objectives. The second stage consists of intelligence surveillance and surveying of the targets selected in the preceding stage. A stronger effort is dedicated to the targets with higher vulnerability potential. During surveillance, priority is given to the observations conducted on individuals, facilities, practices, procedures, routines, transportation, trip itineraries, travel, and security measures already in place. If all goes well over the first two, the third stage will finalize the choice of a specific target, which will then be the object of actual planning to carry out the action. But before making the final decision, they must answer the following questions: – Will the operation succeed in affecting a large public, regardless of the number of immediate casualties? – Will the target in question be covered as high profile by the media? – Does the success of the action impart the right message to the public selected as a priority? – Is the effect produced consistent with the organization’s strategic objectives? – Does the target bring about a substantial advantage to the organization, by giving it the opportunity to demonstrate its operational capability? – Do the results of a cost-benefit analysis support going ahead with the operation? The fourth stage includes the type of surveillance that precedes the attack, in order to fine-tune the final planning. In this stage, more detailed information is needed to decide critical aspects such as the logistics and operational procedures. This phase can take days, weeks, months, and even years for everything to be consolidated. It all depends on the target’s complexity. Here, the priority is checking out existing security measures; detailing preparation operations, especially regarding the concentration on personnel and material means; recruiting the most qualified individuals, accordingto the requirements; establishing one or more operational bases in the area of interest that contains the objective; defining, assessing, and testing escape and evasion routes; and defining in detail the means which will be employed aggressively in attacking the target. The fifth stage is the one the alleged terrorists of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games presently find themselves in. As in any other military operation, particularly special operations, drills are conducted to correct any failures that may not have been detected before and during planning. This increases the chances of a successful attack. These practices are essential because they allow them to confirm data used in planning the operation, and develop tactical alternatives to decisions on how to act. In principle, the following need to be taken into account: devices in the objective area; actions taken to accomplish the objective; escape and evasion routes; and performance of the equipment, weapons, ammunition, and explosives. This stage is the last chance that security managers have to use the established intelligence system to identify terrorist cells, lone wolves, or the chosen target, and thus, to thwart the terrorist attack before it happens. The sixth stage consists of taking action at the objective site. In fact, we notice that various simultaneous attacks can occur over different targets. This characteristic of the most recent terrorist campaigns hampers the prevention and response capabilities of the intelligence agencies and security forces, which will then be at a great disadvantage for not having identified the attack while it was being prepared. It is clear that the response teams arrived at the attack locations only after these attacks have been launched with the best use of the surprise factor. Terrorists have the advantages of choosing the location, tactical surprise, distraction actions, blocking positions to slow down response teams, and finally, the choice of time and way of executing the attack (especially in the case of suicide attacks). The seventh and last stage covers three basic procedures: escape, evasion, and exploration. Normally, the techniques, tactics, and procedures used for escape and evasion are subject to extensive drill and rehearsal. When they succeed, they contribute as a multiplying factor to the overall terror effect. Even if suicide bombers die while carrying out the attacks, there will always be the escape and evasion of those involved in the support operations which, because of their training, are considered more difficult to replace than the suicide bombers themselves. In order to better understand this dynamic situation, these operational support elements are frequently responsible for delivering the suicide bomber to the most adequate location for the attack, or to indicate the ideal moment to trigger an explosive, for example. The post-attack exploration is the very reason of every terrorist action, which attempts to use all available means to publicize the event. A process of preparation takes place in order to be most agile in disseminating and taking the most advantage possible of the moment. Planning the use of media, previously prepared manifestos, use of the Internet, radio, edited videos, TV, podcasts, and other means contribute decisively to all of this. The ramifications of well-planned and successful terrorist actions have significant impact over different target audiences, including effects on personnel recruitment and raising financial support. On the other hand, frustrated or failed attacks have the opposite effect. They destroy the image of the organization, showing it as vulnerable and ineffective. The current scenario clearly shows the high degree of sophistication in the planning, organization, creativity, and technical training of the terrorist organizations such as the Islamic State, Hamas, Hezbollah, and Al Qaeda. Many of the operations have features that are similar to those conducted by special operations forces. Therefore, countries that are the main targets for terrorist attacks have realized that it is practically impossible to prevent this new form of terrorist attack from occurring even by expanding the range of their intelligence operations. To offset this, a decision has been made to invest in preparing the forces dealing with the response and damage control. In general terms, these are the features under which the security for Rio 2016 has been structured in order to fight the terrorism challenge. Since the country has no history of recent terrorist attacks, many residents of Rio de Janeiro have been repeating the very popular saying that “God is Brazilian.” We sure hope that is the case, because, unfortunately, the Olympic Games have a sad history of being the target of terrorist actions.*Brazilian Army Colonel (R) Fernando Montenegro of the Special Forces is a former Officer of Operations of the Anti-Terrorism Detachment, as well as Professor of the Graduate Program on Security Management, and Control at the Autonomous University of Lisbon, Portugal.
‘Xhaka could not stay on the pitch,’ Petkovic said afterwards. ‘He asked me ten minutes before to be replaced.AdvertisementAdvertisement‘Granit had abductor problems, he could not do any more.’The former Borussia Monchengladbach midfielder has cemented his place in Unai Emery’s side, despite the summer arrivals of Matteo Guendouzi and Lucas Torreira.Xhaka was deployed as the solitary defensive midfielder in the recent wins over Rennes and Manchester United with Emery opting for uncharacteristic attacking line-ups, featuring Alexandre Lacazette, Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang, Mesut Ozil and Aaron Ramsey.Arsenal are just one point behind third placed Tottenham ahead of the resumption of the Premier League this weekend and host a similarly resurgent Newcastle side at the Emirates on Monday evening.More: Manchester United FCRio Ferdinand urges Ole Gunnar Solskjaer to drop Manchester United starNew Manchester United signing Facundo Pellistri responds to Edinson Cavani praiseEx-Man Utd coach blasts Ed Woodward for two key transfer errors Metro Sport ReporterWednesday 27 Mar 2019 12:35 pmShare this article via facebookShare this article via twitterShare this article via messengerShare this with Share this article via emailShare this article via flipboardCopy link956Shares Arsenal suffer Granit Xhaka injury blow ahead of Newcastle clash Comment Advertisement Granit Xhaka suffered an injury in Switzerland’s draw against Denmark (Picture: REX)Arsenal are sweating on the fitness of Granit Xhaka ahead of Monday’s Premier League clash against Newcastle.The 26-year-old suffered a setback during Switzerland’s 3-3 draw with Denmark on Tuesday in their opening Group D Euro 2020 qualifier.Xhaka had fired his side into a 2-0 lead with a stunning strike from distance midway through the second half but was replaced with 11 minutes remaining.Vladimir Petkovic’s side subsequently conceded three goals in the closing six minutes and were forced to settle for a 3-3 draw.ADVERTISEMENTMore: FootballRio Ferdinand urges Ole Gunnar Solskjaer to drop Manchester United starChelsea defender Fikayo Tomori reveals why he made U-turn over transfer deadline day moveMikel Arteta rates Thomas Partey’s chances of making his Arsenal debut vs Man CityGranit Xhaka with a rocket 🚀What a strike.#SUIDEN #Euro2020 #VMSport pic.twitter.com/BylE1S4Kwf— Virgin Media Sport (@VMSportIE) March 26, 2019 Advertisement
Facebook Twitter Google+ Ted Cribley stood with his hands on his head in disbelief.He had just taken a shot in the 86th minute from about 10 yards out. As the ball approached the net, it hooked back to the left where it should’ve been out of the reach of Marquette goalkeeper David Check. But Check took a few quick steps to his left and brought the ball into his chest and low to the ground to maintain a 2-2 tie.It was just one of the many Syracuse opportunities that Check foiled on Saturday.‘When the ball comes to you and you get opportunities, and the keeper comes up with a great save, it’s frustrating,’ said Cribley, an SU midfielder who finished with four shots on the night. ‘You feel as if you deserve it, and you don’t get it. It’s just one of those things. If the keeper makes a really good save, you can’t do anything about it.’Cribley’s reaction displayed the frustration every other Orange (2-5, 0-1 Big East) scorer was feeling all night. SU’s offense was the most aggressive it has been all season, but no matter how many opportunities it created, it couldn’t find a way to beat Check in the Big East opener for both teams. The junior made a career-best 12 saves, helping to lead Marquette (3-4-1, 1-0) to a 3-2 win over Syracuse on Saturday night in front of 1,327 at SU Soccer Stadium.AdvertisementThis is placeholder textSU was left to explain how 25 shots didn’t result in more than two goals. But every reasonable explanation led back to Check in goal. Despite the loss and the frustration that came with so many squandered opportunities, head coach Ian McIntyre still said this was the best his team has played all season.‘We were good tonight,’ McIntyre said. ‘We were real good and so was Marquette. It was a lot of positives. That’s the best our team’s played in a while. … Their goalkeeper is probably man of the match.’Although at the start, it didn’t look like Check was going to be much of a force in goal.In the 22nd minute, junior Mark Brode took a shot from about 15 yards out. Check jumped straight up with his arms extended, and the ball caught his fingertips. But it fell behind him to roll into the net and give the Orange an early 1-0 lead.‘After the first blunder by the goalie on my goal, I didn’t think he was going to be too good,’ Brode said. ‘But he ended up coming up with a lot of big saves. It’s a bittersweet loss.’A loss in which Brode and the aggressive Orange offense did exactly what McIntyre asked of them during the week in practice.In the back of his mind during the game, Brode said he could hear McIntyre yelling in practice Thursday to take better shots from the outside rather than wait for passes at the middle of the field. So Brode did what McIntyre wanted and took four solid shots in the game.On any other night when he wasn’t going up against Check, more than one of those shots might have led to goals.SU scored its second goal in the 52nd minute when Lars Muller received a corner kick from Nick Roydhouse and managed to sneak it past Check.Syracuse kept pushing for its third goal, but its effort was to no avail against the Marquette goalie. And the frustration only built up as the game wore on.‘If you have 25 shots, you should score more than two goals,’ Cribley said. ‘It’s as simple as that. That’s when it really stings, when you deserve to win and you don’t.’As well as Check played, Syracuse goalkeeper Phil Boerger was nearly just as good. The senior finished the game with a career-high nine saves on 20 Golden Eagle shots. He didn’t give up Marquette’s third goal wasn’t until the 88th minute when Eric Pothast sent a header to James Nortey, who managed to put it past Boerger for the game-winning score.At the end, all Syracuse could do was look at the positives. Looking back on the missed chances and the empty shots was too discouraging.Still, Cribley was left to wonder what could’ve been if one of his opportunities, or any that the SU scorers had, led to a goal.’If we had gotten that third, there’s no coming back for them,’ Cribley said. ‘But that’s the thing, we need to learn to finish these games.’[email protected] Published on September 25, 2011 at 12:00 pm Contact Chris: [email protected] | @chris_iseman Comments